• Preseeding Ubuntu Karmic

    (English article below) Dieser Artikel ist eine Dokumentation von vielen schweißtreibenden Besuchen im Netz. Leider gibt es für Ubuntu keine so schön zusammenhängende Doku wie für Debian – liegt aber auch daran, dass man mit Ubiquity noch viel mehr schönes Zeug anstellen kann wie mit dem Debian-Installer. Um es einem noch breiteren Publikum zugänglich zu machen, ist dieses Posting ausnahmsweise auf Englisch.

    So you want to preseed Ubuntu? Fine. You’ve probably read this article. Maybe you’ve seen the scripts, too. However, there are still some gaps wide enough to stumble into. Here’s a quick overview over how to create an unattended install CD. If you want to add customized packages, you’re a bit more adventurous than I was – but this might give you a head start, anyway.

    Getting the files out of the ISO

    Here’s your first stop. Go grab everything that’s on the original CD image (no need to burn it, the file itself is just fine if you do this):

    mkdir loopdir
    mount -o loop ubuntu_whatever.iso loopdir
    # you might need a "modprobe loop" first

    Now, grab everything inside and copy it to a place where you can modify it:

    mkdir cd
    cp -a loopdir/{.disk,*} cd/

    (Others might find a…

    rsync -a -H loopdir/ cd

    …more elegant. Whatever you do, don’t miss the “.disk” directory – otherwise, you’ll end up with annoying errors when booting from the final CD – which say that it cannot find a live file system).

    The preseed configuration file

    Now, you’re here. That’s a lot of nice things you can configure there – but the main thing missing in the 8.xx docs is the part about Ubiquity. Here’s an excerpt from my preseed.cfg (you might use that as a quick start – but note that I’ve preseeded a German installation):

    # make sure we get over page 6 of the installation questions:
    ubiquity        ubiquity/summary        note
    # disable this for one single click before reboot:
    ubiquity        ubiquity/reboot boolean true
    # the rest should be quite self-explanatory:
    ubiquity        languagechooser/language-name   select  German
    ubiquity        countrychooser/shortlist        select  DE
    ubiquity        countrychooser/countryname      select  Germany
    ubiquity        countrychooser/country-name      string Germany
    debconf         debconf/language        string  de
    ubiquity        console-keymaps-at/keymap       select  de
    ubiquity        tzconfig/gmt    boolean false
    ubiquity        time/zone       select  Europe/Berlin
    ubiquity        debian-installer/country        string DE
    ubiquity        debian-installer/language       string de
    ubiquity        debian-installer/locale select  de_DE.UTF-8
    console-setup   console-setup/layoutcode        select  de
    console-setup   console-setup/modelcode select  pc105
    console-setup   console-setup/layout    select  Germany
    console-setup   console-setup/variant   select  Germany
    
    ubyquity        localechooser/supported-locales multiselect\
    de_DE.UTF-8 en_US.UTF-8
    # this is what the "late_command" in d-i does. I prefer a trick like
    # this to do some setup work on the freshly installed machine -
    # this script gets pulled from 192.168.1.1 via http and should
    # disable itself after execution. Comment this away if you don't
    # want it!
    ubiquity        ubiquity/success_command        string  wget \ http://192.168.1.1/ubuntu_deploy -O /target/etc/init.d/S99deploy; ln -s\ /etc/init.d/S99deploy /target/etc/rc2.d/S99deploy; chmod ugo+x /target/etc/init.d/S99deploy

    Modify boot command line

    I prefer the elegant way: I modify menu.cfg in the isolinux dir. Add these lines to the position you like (add it to text.cfg if you want to have it in between the rest of the options):

    label unattended
            menu label Unattended auto install
            kernel /casper/vmlinuz
            append file=/cdrom/preseed/my.seed boot=casper initrd=/casper/initrd.lz debian-installer/locale=de_DE \
    automatic-ubiquity noprompt quiet splash --

    Modify the locale and name of the preseeding file. Make sure you boot into “automatic-ubiquity”. Use noprompt if you want to use ubiquity’s reboot-option in the preseed file.

    Create the ISO

    At this point, I don’t go any further. If you want to add packages, do so. But be warned that all the gpg stuff mentioned in the docs apply in that case.

    mkisofs -o my_iso_file.iso -r -J -no-emul-boot -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table -b isolinux/isolinux.bin -c isolinux/boot.cat ./cd

    Use Virtualbox for extensive testing. Burn at will. And: have fun!

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5 Responsesso far.

  1. kadok0520 sagt:

    Hello

    i come from your blog by google search ubuntu preseed

    your article is very nice

    may i translate your web page to chinese in my blog http://kadok0520.pixnet.net/blog

    please

    thank you

  2. kadok0520 sagt:

    i use your setting into the mode of unattended install

    but it show error code about partman

    would you mind telling me where can find the information to learn preseed config file setting

    thank you

  3. Joerg sagt:

    Hi Kadok,

    sure you can translate the article (and, as I can see, you’ve already done that)… 😉

    Have a look at my example preseed file – I just fixed the download link.

    Best,

    Jörg

    P.S.: I would’ve contacted you by email on this matter, but your email address bounced back. 🙁

  4. Enrique sagt:

    ¿Could you put a link where I could download your unattended iso?

  5. Joerg sagt:

    No, I’m sorry – my ISO is too specific (besides, it would be quite a bandwidth hog for my server). If you have trouble building the ISO, please feel free to ask!

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